Metformin The Wonder Drug

29 May

Metformin is an effective and potent anti diabetic drug of the biguanide drugs category. It is basically used to control blood sugar levels in people suffering from type 2 diabetes. However, apart from its basic function of reducing the blood sugar levels in the body, metformin has also been found to be effective in a variety of many other complicated conditions and problems of the body such as obesity, heart disease, PCOS and hypertension.

Metformin type 2 diabetes treatment drug

What is Diabetes

What is Diabetes

Now you must be wondering how can metforal, a type 2 diabetes treatment drug help in treating other conditions of the body like heart disease and PCOS.  While we all know that diabetes is a condition of the body in which the body produces less insulin than required to digest the high amounts of sugar in the blood stream. Sometimes diabetes also occur when the cells of the body become resistant to the action of insulin. This condition is referred to as insulin resistance.

Metformin for PCOS

Metformin in such a scenario, metformin helps by not only decreasing sugar production in the liver and lowering the absorption of sugar in the blood stream but also helps to control blood sugar levels by making receptors of insulin more sensitive to help the body respond and maintain its own insulin levels. As PCOS is also a condition related to insulin resistance in women of the reproductive age, metformin in such a condition by correcting insulin resistance can help treat PCOS in women.

Metformin to lower cholesterol and reduce weight

Metformin also helps to lower the elevated levels of testosterone found in PCOS women and can thus help reverse many of the PCOS symptoms like excess weight, unwanted hair growth and infertility. Another interesting feature of following metformin diet is a remarkable reduction in body’s triglycerides levels, this further makes the drug helpful in treating other concerns such as hypertension and cardiovascular disease.

Metformin to treat hypertension and cardiovascular disease

In a clinical trial involving non diabetics with hypertension, metformin significantly reduced fasting insulin or C-peptide levels, as well as total cholesterol, low density lipids cholesterol or apolipoprotein B levels, fasting free fatty acids and tissue plasminogen activator antigen levels. Metformin was thus proved to be significant in treating the problem of high BP and cholesterol in many individuals and thus cut down the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Metformin for cancer treatment

Now, you must be surprised to know that this wonder drug to reduce blood sugar levels has also been found to strengthen the immune system and help in the treatment of many fatal and debilitating conditions of the body such as cancer. Metformin has been found to suppress the growth of some tumors and enhance the activity of anti-cancer drugs. The way metformin improves cellular immunity is linked to its blood sugar lowering effect by improving receptor sensitivity and number.

Apart from people with kidney or liver disease metformin is devoid of any toxicity or contraindications and metformin side effects are almost none. For metformin dosage, please refer to your doctor.

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